The superconducting coils of the ITER magnet system have hundreds of electrical lap joints interconnecting superconducting cables. The joints operate in a magnetic field of up to 4 T, field derivatives of 0.5 T/s, and currents up to 70 kA. The acceptance tests for the toroidal field (TF), poloidal field (PF), and correction coil (CC) coils will be performed at 77 K, before they are assembled in the pit. Hence there will be no possibility to measure the resistance of the joints in the superconducting state before the whole magnet system is enclosed in the Tokamak cryostat. In addition, no reliable nondestructive method has been found to spot the joints with a failure at room temperature. Therefore, the production of the joints relies on the strict adhesion to established robust manufacturing procedures during the qualification phase. As additional quality monitoring, a periodic test of the joint samples manufactured in parallel with a coil fabrication is foreseen to control the reproducibility of the joint electrical performance. In order to qualify the manufacturing procedures, to establish a series production tools and worker teams, a comprehensive qualification program has been set up for manufacturers of the coils in Russia (Poloidal Coil 1, PF1), China (PF6, feeders, CC), Japan (TF), Europe (TF and PF), and USA (Central Solenoid, CS). This program includes a set of mockups manufactured according to the process to be used for the coils and submitted to different tests. They include mechanical testing of materials, electrical tests of full size joint samples, destructive microscopic examination of the joint mockups, and mechanical testing of the full size joint mockups. All tests are carried out in specialized laboratories qualified for this type of work. This paper describes the main items of the qualification program, the tests performed, and the acceptance criteria. The test results are reported and compared to the criteria.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering