Background: Characterization of neointimal tissue is essential to understand the pathophysiology of in-stent restenosis after drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation. We compared the morphological characteristics of neointimal tissue as assessed by optical coherence tomography (OCT) and intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) in patients treated with DES. Methods: A total of 243 patients (250 lesions) underwent follow-up OCT and IVUS after DES implantation. Results: Mean time interval from DES implantation to follow-up OCT/IVUS was 12.0 ± 9.3 (range 2.8-68.5) months. Percent neointimal hyperplasia (NIH) cross-sectional area (CSA) was calculated as (NIH CSA/stent CSA) × 100 for receiver-operating characteristic analysis of NIH detection by IVUS; the optimal cutoff value of percent NIH CSA was 14.7%, as determined by OCT (sensitivity 0.887, specificity 0.790). Neointimal hyperplasia was detected by both OCT and IVUS in 121 of 250 lesions and categorized as homogenous (OCT n = 74, IVUS n = 107), heterogeneous (OCT n = 34, IVUS n = 4), or layered (OCT n = 13, IVUS n = 10). Of the 121 NIH lesions, nonhomogenous NIH was detected in 14 (11.6%) by IVUS and 47 (38.8%) by OCT. Optical coherence tomography and IVUS assessments of NIH morphology showed a moderate correlation (P < .001, r = 0.455); however, assessments differed in 37 (30.6%) of 121 lesions. Conclusion: Optical coherence tomography-assessed NIH morphology might be different from that by IVUS in about 30% of the lesions that were treated with DES implantation.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This study was partly supported by grants from the Korea Healthcare Technology R&D Project, Ministry for Health, Welfare & Family Affairs, Republic of Korea (No. A085012 and A102064 ); the Korea Health 21 R&D Project, Ministry of Health & Welfare, Republic of Korea (No. A085136 ); and the Cardiovascular Research Center, Seoul, Korea . The authors are solely responsible for the design and conduct of this study, all study analyses, and the drafting and editing of the paper and its final contents.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine