This study compared open and video-assisted minilaparotomy surgery in live kidney donors for quality of life (QoL), pain, cosmesis, and recovery. Between January 2003 and March 2006, we reviewed data from 205 patients who underwent live-donor nephrectomy: 116 by video-assisted minilaparotomy and 89 by open surgery. Pain and satisfaction were evaluated using scales from 1 to 10, and QoL, with the 36-item Short Form questionnaire. Hospital stay was significantly shorter among the video-assisted (5.1 ± 1.6 days) than the open group (6.9 ± 1.3 days; P < .01). Time to resumption of walking without difficulty and normal activity was significantly shorter among the video-assisted than the open group (P < .01). The video-assisted group showed better QoL scores in 6 of 8 QoL categories, including physical role (P < .01), bodily pain (P < .01), general health (P < .01), vitality (P < .01), emotional health (P < .01), and mental health (P < .01). Patients in the video-assisted group (score, 7.3 ± 2.4) were more satisfied with the cosmetic outcome than those in the open group (score, 5.1 ± 3.0; P < .01). In conclusion, donors who underwent nephrectomy via video-assisted minilaparotomy showed better outcomes regarding pain, convalescence, cosmesis, and QoL than those who underwent open surgery.
|Number of pages||5|
|Publication status||Published - 2010 Jun 1|
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