Background: One of the most important reasons for failure of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in chronic total occlusion (CTO) is calcified plaque, which either prevents passage of guide wire or ruptures after balloon inflation. We sought to evaluate whether quantified calcium contents of CTO on multi-detector computed tomography (MDCT) correlate with immediate procedural outcomes. Methods: Sixty-four patients with 72 CTO lesions who underwent 64-slice MDCT prior to PCI were investigated. The lesions were divided into 2 groups according to procedural outcomes (55 lesions with PCI-success group, 17 lesions with PCI-failure group). Clinical, angiographic and MDCT parameters, including regional calcium volume (RCaV), regional calcium score (RCaS), regional calcium equivalent mass (RCaEq), and relative calcium area at the most calcified cross section of CTO (%CaS/CSA), were compared between the two groups. Results: The duration of CTO was shorter in PCI-success group than PCI-failure group (7.16 ± 10.5 vs 15.59 ± 14.92-months, p = 0.011), and the procedural success rate was 76.3%. Regional calcium-related parameters (RCaV 52.86 ± 58.39 vs 7.26 ± 15.27-mm3, p < 0.001; RCaS 72.71 ± 78.4 vs 9.66 ± 20.2, p < 0.001; RCaEq 12.58 ± 12.97 vs 1.84 ± 3.716-mgCaHA, p < 0.001; %CaS/CSA 53.9 ± 20.3 vs 30.4 ± 17.1%, p = 0.009) in the occluded segment were higher and the occlusion length was longer (37.44 ± 27.48 vs 22.00 ± 18.04-mm, p < 0.021) in PCI-failure group compared to PCI-success group. Multivariate regression analysis showed that only %CaS/CSA was a significant determinant of PCI-failure. Conclusions: Precise quantification of regional calcification and measurement of the occluded segment by high resolution MDCT can deliver important information for predicting procedural outcomes in PCI of CTO.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This study was supported by a grant from the Korean Society of Interventional Cardiology. The authors of this manuscript have certified that they comply with the Principles of Ethical Publishing in the International Journal of Cardiology  .
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine