We argue that any general mathematical measure of density error, no matter how reasonable, is too arbitrary to be of universal use. However, the energy functional itself provides a universal relevant measure of density errors. For the self-consistent density of any Kohn-Sham calculation with an approximate functional, the theory of density-corrected density functional theory (DC-DFT) provides an accurate, practical estimate of this ideal measure. We show how to estimate the significance of the density-driven error even when exact densities are unavailable. In cases with large density errors, the amount of exchange-mixing is often adjusted, but we show that this is unnecessary. Many chemically relevant examples are given.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work at Yonsei University was supported by the grant from the Korean Research Foundation (2017R1A2B2003552). K.B. acknowledges NSF CHEM 1464795.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry