Quantum message authentication scheme based on remote state preparation

Min Sung Kang, Yeon Ho Choi, Yong Su Kim, Young Wook Cho, Sang Yun Lee, Sang Wook Han, Sung Moon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We propose a quantum message authentication scheme that provides integrity and origin authentication using a remote state preparation. Authentication is one of the security services that must be provided in secure communication. Quantum message authentication is the base scheme for realizing quantum authentication that is known to be a secure technique even in a forthcoming quantum computer environment. The proposed scheme creates a quantum message authentication code (QMAC) with only a single qubit measurement. It is therefore easy to implement and operate compared to existing technology that normally generates a QMAC with a Bell measurement or controlled unitary operation. For security analysis, we design a quantum random oracle model based on the random oracle model and demonstrate the quantum collision resistance with it. From the analysis, the probability of the quantum collision is 0.69N per qubit, where N is the size of the message sequence. Since the probability of quantum collision in the case of N ≥ 13 becomes extremely low of under 0.8%, we confirm that the proposed scheme guarantees the integrity and origin authentication of the message.

Original languageEnglish
Article number115102
JournalPhysica Scripta
Volume93
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Oct 5

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the ICT R&D programs of MSIP/IITP (Grant No. B0101-16-1355), the KIST research program (Grant No. 2E27801). M S Kang is supported by Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Education (NRF-2017R1A6A3A01001894).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018 IOP Publishing Ltd.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Mathematical Physics
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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