Two-dimensional (2D) topological insulators (TIs) hold promise for applications in spintronics based on the fact that the propagation direction of an edge electronic state of a 2D TI is locked to its spin orientation. Here, using first-principles calculations, we predict a family of robust 2D TIs in monolayer square transition-metal dichalcogenides MX2(M=Mo,W;X=S,Se,Te), which show sizeable intrinsic nontrivial band gaps ranged from 24 to 187 meV, thus ensuring the quantum spin Hall (QSH) effect at room temperature. Different from the most known 2D TIs with comparable band gaps, these sizeable energy gaps arise from the strong spin-orbit interaction related to d electrons of the Mo/W atoms. A pair of topologically protected helical edge states emerges at the edge of these systems with a Dirac-type dispersion within the bulk band gap. The topologically nontrivial natures are confirmed by the nontrivial Z2-type topological invariant. More interestingly, with applied strain, a topological quantum phase transition between a QSH phase and a trivial insulating/metallic phase can be realized, and the corresponding topological phase diagram is well established.
|Journal||Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics|
|Publication status||Published - 2015 Aug 25|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics