Direct experimental investigations of the low-energy electronic structure of the Na2IrO3 iridate insulator are sparse and draw two conflicting pictures. One relies on flat bands and a clear gap, the other involves dispersive states approaching the Fermi level, pointing to surface metallicity. Here, by a combination of angle-resolved photoemission, photoemission electron microscopy, and x-ray absorption, we show that the correct picture is more complex and involves an anomalous band, arising from charge transfer from Na atoms to Ir-derived states. Bulk quasiparticles do exist, but in one of the two possible surface terminations the charge transfer is smaller and they remain elusive.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This research used resources of the Advanced Light Source, which is a DOE Office of Science User Facility under Contract No. DE-AC02-05CH11231. I.L.V. and A.L. acknowledge support from the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, Office of Basic Energy Sciences, Materials Sciences and Engineering Division, under Contract No. DE-AC02-05-CH11231 (Quantum materials KC2202). S.M. acknowledges support by the Swiss National Science Foundation under Grant No. P300P2-171221. S.U. acknowledges financial support from the Danish Council for Independent Research, Natural Sciences under the Sapere Aude program (Grant No. DFF-4090-00125). J.G.A. acknowledges support towards the synthesis of materials from the Department of Energy Early Career program, Office of Basic Energy Sciences, Materials Sciences and Engineering Division, under Contract No. DE-AC02-05CH11231. N.P.B. and J.G.A. acknowledge support from the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundations EPiQS Initiative through Grant No. GBMF4374.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics