Questionnaire study of the dietary habits of breast cancer survivors and their relationship to quality of life (KROG 14-09)

Chai Hong Rim, Sung Ja Ahn, Jin Hee Kim, Won Sup Yoon, Mison Chun, Dae Sik Yang, Jong Hoon Lee, Kyubo Kim, Moonkyoo Kong, Suzy Kim, Juree Kim, Kyung Ran Park, Young Joo Shin, Sun Young Ma, Bae Kwon Jeong, Su Ssan Kim, Yong Bae Kim, Dong Soo Lee, Jaehyung Cha

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Abstract

We evaluated the dietary habits of breast cancer survivors and investigated the relationship with quality of life (QoL), with 1,156 survivors recruited from 17 institutions. We used the Questionnaire Survey of Dietary Habits of Korean Adults (Q-DH-KOR) comprising 25 questions. The following indices were derived as follows: (1) quality of healthy dietary habits (Q-HD)—eight questions on number of meals, regularity, quantity, duration, skipping breakfast, dinner with companion(s), overeating and late-night snacks; (2) habits of nutritional balance (H-NB)—questions on consuming five food categories (grains, fruits, proteins, vegetables and dairy products); and (3) habits of unhealthy foods (H-UF)—questions on consuming three food categories (fatty, instant and fast foods). The times and regularity of meals, frequency of skipping breakfast, dinner with companion(s) and overeating were better in groups with high symptomatic and functional QoL. Symptomatic QoL positively affected Q-HD and H-NB (p < 0.001 and p = 0.024 respectively) and negatively affected H-UF (p = 0.02). Breast cancer survivors more frequently ate from the fruit, protein and vegetable categories than did the control group, with lower H-UF and higher Q-HD values (p < 0.001 and p < 0.001 respectively). Our findings supported the relationship between QoL and dietary habit and showed healthier dietary habits of breast cancer survivors than controls.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere12961
JournalEuropean Journal of Cancer Care
Volume28
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Mar

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Oncology

Cite this

Rim, C. H., Ahn, S. J., Kim, J. H., Yoon, W. S., Chun, M., Yang, D. S., Lee, J. H., Kim, K., Kong, M., Kim, S., Kim, J., Park, K. R., Shin, Y. J., Ma, S. Y., Jeong, B. K., Kim, S. S., Kim, Y. B., Lee, D. S., & Cha, J. (2019). Questionnaire study of the dietary habits of breast cancer survivors and their relationship to quality of life (KROG 14-09). European Journal of Cancer Care, 28(2), [e12961]. https://doi.org/10.1111/ecc.12961