DNA double-strand breaks can be introduced by exogenous agents or during normal cellular processes. Genes belonging to the RAD52 eplstasis group are known to repair these breaks in budding yeast. Among these genes, RAD52 plays a central role in homologous recombination and DNA double-strand break repair. Despite its importance, its mechanism of action is not yet clear. It is known, however, that the human homologue of Rad52 is capable of binding to DNA ends in vitro. Herein, we show that Rad22 protein, a Rad52 homologue in the fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe, can similarly bind to DNA ends at double-strand breaks. This end-binding ability was demonstrated in vitro by electron microscopy and by protection from exonuclease attack. We also showed that Rad22 specifically binds near double-strand break associated with mating type switching in vivo by chromatin immunoprecipitation analysis. This is the first evidence that a recombinational protein directly binds to DNA double-strand breaks in vivo.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology