Radial distance estimation with tapered whisker sensors

Sejoon Ahn, DaeEun Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Rats use their whiskers as tactile sensors to sense their environment. Active whisking, moving whiskers back and forth continuously, is one of prominent features observed in rodents. They can discriminate different textures or extract features of a nearby object such as size, shape and distance through active whisking. There have been studies to localize objects with artificial whiskers inspired by rat whiskers. The linear whisker model based on beam theory has been used to estimate the radial distance, that is, the distance between the base of the whisker and a target object. In this paper, we investigate deflection angle measurements instead of forces or moments, based on a linear tapered whisker model to see the role of tapered whiskers found in real animals. We analyze how accurately this model estimates the radial distance, and quantify the estimation errors and noise sensitivity. We also compare the linear model simulation and nonlinear numerical solutions. It is shown that the radial distance can be estimated using deflection angles at two different positions on the tapered whisker. We argue that the tapered whisker has an advantage of estimating the radial distance better, as compared to an untapered whisker, and active sensing allows that estimation without the whisker’s material property and thickness or the moment at base. In addition, we investigate the potential of passive sensing for tactile localization.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1659
JournalSensors (Switzerland)
Volume17
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Jul 19

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Vibrissae
sensors
Sensors
Rats
rats
deflection
Angle measurement
Error analysis
moments
rodents
Materials properties
Animals
Textures
Touch
estimates
animals
Linear Models
estimating
textures
Noise

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Biochemistry
  • Instrumentation
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

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Radial distance estimation with tapered whisker sensors. / Ahn, Sejoon; Kim, DaeEun.

In: Sensors (Switzerland), Vol. 17, No. 7, 1659, 19.07.2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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