Purpose: To investigate whether radiomic features from magnetic resonance image (MRI) can predict the granulation pattern of growth hormone (GH)-secreting pituitary adenoma patients. Methods: Sixty-nine pathologically proven acromegaly patients (densely granulated [DG] = 50, sparsely granulated [SG] = 19) were included. Radiomic features (n = 214) were extracted from contrast-enhancing and total tumor portions from T2-weighted (T2) MRIs. Imaging features were selected using a least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) logistic regression model with fivefold cross-validation. Diagnostic performance for predicting granulation pattern was compared with that for qualitative T2 signal intensity assessment and T2 relative signal intensity (rSI) using the area under the receiver operating characteristics curve (AUC). Results: Four significant radiomic features from the contrast-enhancing tumor (1 from shape, 1 from first order feature, and 2 from second order features) were selected by LASSO for model construction. The radiomics model showed an AUC, accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity of 0.834 (95% confidence interval [CI] 0.738–0.930), 73.7%, 74.0%, and 73.9%, respectively. The radiomics model showed significantly better performance than the model using qualitative T2 signal intensity assessment (AUC 0.597 [95% CI 0.447–0.747], P = 0.009) and T2 rSI (AUC 0.647 [95% CI 0.523–0.759], P = 0.037). Conclusion: Radiomic features may be useful biomarkers to differentiate granulation pattern of GH-secreting pituitary adenoma patients, and showed better performance than qualitative assessment or rSI evaluation.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This research was supported by Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Education (2020R1I1A1A01071648).
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism