Patients with brain metastases (BM) can benefit from radiotherapy (RT), although the long-term benefits of RT remain unclear. We searched a Korean national health insurance claims database and identified 135,740 patients with newly diagnosed BM during 2002–2017. Propensity score matching (PSM) was used to evaluate survival according to RT modality, which included whole-brain radiotherapy (WBRT) and/or stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS). The 84,986 eligible patients were followed for a median interval of 6.6 months, and 37,046 patients underwent RT (43.6%). After the PSM, patients who underwent RT had significantly better overall survival after 1 year (42.4% vs. 35.3%, P < 0.001), although there was no significant difference at 2.6 years, and patients who did not undergo RT had better survival after 5 years. Among patients with BM from lung cancer, RT was also associated with a survival difference after 1 year (57.3% vs. 32.8%, P < 0.001) and a median survival increase of 3.7 months. The 1-year overall survival rate was significantly better for SRS than for WBRT (46.4% vs. 38.8%, P < 0.001). Among Korean patients with BM, especially patients with primary lung cancer, RT improved the short-term survival rate, and SRS appears to be more useful than WBRT in this setting.
|Publication status||Published - 2021 Dec|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This study was supported by Grants from the Gachon University [2019-0293]. We thank Professor Soo-Ki Kim for proofreading and editing the manuscript.
© 2021, The Author(s).
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