Eleven cohorts of miners occupationally exposed to relatively high concentrations of radon showed a statistically significantly high risk of lung cancer, while three cohorts from the general population showed a relatively low concentration, but the results were not statistically significant. However, the risk of lung cancer tended to increase with increased radon exposure. The risk is likely to have been underestimated due to low statistical power. Therefore, additional well-designed studies on the risk of lung cancer in nonsmokers in the general population with relatively low concentrations of radon exposure are needed in the future. In addition, country-specific preventive policies are needed in order to actively reduce radon exposure and lung cancer incidence in nonsmokers.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This research is supported by Korea Ministry of Environment (MOE) as "the Environmental Health Action Program". (Grant Number 2015001350002).
© 2016 Oh et al.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health