It has been shown that the Virgo spiral galaxy NGC 4330 shows signs of ongoing ram pressure stripping at multiple wavelengths. At the leading edge of the interaction, the Hα and dust extinction curve sharply out of the disk. On the trailing side, a long Hα/UV tail has been found which is located upwind of a long Hi tail. We complement the multiwavelength study with IRAM 30m HERA CO(2-1) and VLA 6 cm radio continuum observations of NGC 4330. The data are interpreted with the help of a dynamical model including ram pressure and, for the first time, star formation. Our best-fit model qualitatively reproduces the observed projected position, the radial velocity of the galaxy, the molecular and atomic gas distribution and velocity field, and the UV distribution in the region where a gas tail is present. However, the observed red UV color on the windward side is currently not reproduced by the model. On the basis of our model, the galaxy moves to the north and still approaches the cluster center with the closest approach occurring in ∼100 Myr. In contrast to other Virgo spiral galaxies affected by ram pressure stripping, NGC 4330 does not show an asymmetric ridge of polarized radio continuum emission. We suggest that this is due to the relatively slow compression of the ISM and the particular projection of NGC 4330. The observed offset between the Hi and UV tails is well-reproduced by our model. Since collapsing and starforming gas clouds decouple from the ram pressure wind, the UV-emitting young stars have the angular momentum of the gas at the time of their creation. On the other hand, the gas is constantly pushed by ram pressure. We provide stellar age distributions within three radial bins in the galactic disk (R > 5 kpc). Deep optical spectra could be used to test the quenching times suggested by our analysis. The reaction (phase change, star formation) of the multiphase ISM (molecular, atomic, ionized) to ram pressure is discussed in the framework of our dynamical model.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
B.V. would like to thank the MPIfR (P. Reich) for computational support. This work has been supported by the Polish Ministry of Science and Higher Education grants 92/N-ASTROSIM/2008/0 and 3033/B/H03/2008/35. This work has also been supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea grant 2011-8-0993, Yonsei research grant 2010-1-0200 and 2011-1-0096. Support was also provided by the National Research Foundation of Korea to the Center for Galaxy Evolution Research.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Astronomy and Astrophysics
- Space and Planetary Science