Background: Ramucirumab as monotherapy or in combination with paclitaxel is a second-line treatment option recommended for patients with locally advanced unresectable or metastatic gastric or gastroesophageal junction (GEJ) adenocarcinoma. However, real-world data from large study cohorts focused on ramucirumab plus paclitaxel in gastric cancer are limited. Methods: The study population comprised all patients with gastric or GEJ cancer who received ramucirumab plus paclitaxel in South Korea between 1 May 2018 and 31 December 2018. We included patients with advanced gastric or GEJ adenocarcinoma and disease progression after first-line platinum and fluoropyrimidine-containing combination chemotherapy. Results: In total, 1063 patients were included in the present study. The objective response rate and disease control rate were 15.1% and 57.7%, respectively. The median progression-free survival was 4.03 months (95% confidence interval, 3.80–4.27) and the median overall survival was 10.03 months (95% confidence interval, 9.33–10.73). Grade 3 or higher treatment-related adverse events with incidence of ⩾5% were neutropenia (35.1%) and anemia (10.5%). Based on multivariable analysis, overall survival was negatively associated with Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status ⩾2, weight loss ⩾10% in the previous 3 months, GEJ of primary tumor, poor or unknown histologic grade, number of metastatic sites ⩾3, presence of peritoneal metastasis, no prior gastrectomy, and time to second-line since first-line treatment <6 months. Conclusion: Our large-scale, nationwide, real-world data analysis of an unselected real-world population adds evidence for the efficacy and safety of second-line ramucirumab plus paclitaxel in patients with locally advanced unresectable or metastatic gastric or GEJ adenocarcinoma.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by the Korean Cancer Study Group and the Health Insurance Review & Assessment Service. The views expressed are those of the authors and not necessarily those of the Health Insurance Review & Assessment Service. We thank all investigators and their support staff who generously participated in this work.
The authors disclosed receipt of the following financial support for the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article: This work was funded by the Health Insurance Review & Assessment Service.
© The Author(s), 2021.
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