Purpose Several ramucirumab trials have reported a higher incidence of selected adverse events (AEs) in East Asian (EA) patients with cancer versus non-EA patients. A meta-analysis was conducted across six completed phase III trials to establish the safety parameters of ramucirumab in EA compared with non-EA patients. Materials and Methods Six global, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, phase III registration trials investigating ramucirumab were assessed. Relative risks (RRs) and 95% CIs were calculated for selected all-grade and grade ≥ 3 AEs using fixed-effects and mixed-effects models. Ratio of RR and number needed to harm were calculated for AEs (all grade and grade ≥ 3) between EA and non-EA patients. Results Of 4,996 randomly assigned patients receiving ramucirumab or placebo, 802 (16.1%) were EA (ramucirumab, n = 411; placebo, n = 391) and 4,194 were non-EA (ramucirumab, n = 2,337; placebo, n = 1,857). Patient baseline characteristics were generally balanced between treatment arms in EA and non-EA patients, excluding sex and body weight. Grade ≥ 3 AEs possibly associated with ramucirumab, which were increased in EA versus non-EA patients, included neutropenia (42.1% v 25.5%, respectively) and proteinuria (3.9% v 0.6%, respectively). There was an increase in the RR of several grade ≥ 3 AEs, including hypertension and proteinuria, in ramucirumab-treated EA and non-EA patients compared with placebo. The ratio of RR revealed no significant differences between EA and non-EA patients for all-grade and grade ≥ 3 AEs. Conclusion Despite the enhanced propensity of selected AEs in EA patients relative to non-EA patients, there were no substantial differences in the RR for AEs possibly associated with ramucirumab in these phase III trials.
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© 2018 by American Society of Clinical Oncology
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cancer Research