Rasch validation of the Chinese parent–child interaction scale (CPCIS)

Patrick Ip, Winnie Tso, Nirmala Rao, Frederick Ka Wing Ho, Edward Ko Ling Chan, King Wa Fu, Sophia Ling Li, Winnie Goh, Wilfred Hing sang Wong, Chun Bong Chow

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Proper parent–child interaction is crucial for child development, but an assessment tool in Chinese is currently lacking. This study aimed to develop and validate a parent-reported parent–child interaction scale for Chinese preschool children. Methods: The Chinese parent–child interaction scale (CPCIS) was designed by an expert panel based on the literature and clinical observations in the Chinese context. The initial CPCIS had 14 parent–child interactive activity items. Psychometric properties of the CPCIS were examined using the Rasch model and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA). Convergent validity was investigated by the associations between CPCIS and family income, maternal education level, and children’s school readiness. Results: The study recruited 567 Chinese parent–child pairs from diverse socioeconomic backgrounds, who completed the CPCIS. Six out of the 14 items in the initial CPCIS were dropped due to suboptimal fit values. The refined 8-item CPCIS was shown to be valid and reliable by Rasch models and CFA. The person separation reliability and Cronbach’s α of the CPCIS were 0.81 and 0.82, respectively. The CPCIS scores were positively associated with family’s socioeconomic status (η2 = 0.05, P < 0.001), maternal education level (η2 = 0.08, P < 0.001), and children’s school readiness (η2 = 0.01, P < 0.01). Conclusion: CPCIS is an easily administered, valid, and reliable tool for the assessment of parent–child interactions in Chinese families.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)238-246
Number of pages9
JournalWorld Journal of Pediatrics
Volume14
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Jun 1

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Statistical Factor Analysis
Mothers
Education
Preschool Children
Child Development
Psychometrics
Social Class

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Cite this

Ip, P., Tso, W., Rao, N., Ho, F. K. W., Chan, E. K. L., Fu, K. W., ... Chow, C. B. (2018). Rasch validation of the Chinese parent–child interaction scale (CPCIS). World Journal of Pediatrics, 14(3), 238-246. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12519-018-0132-z
Ip, Patrick ; Tso, Winnie ; Rao, Nirmala ; Ho, Frederick Ka Wing ; Chan, Edward Ko Ling ; Fu, King Wa ; Li, Sophia Ling ; Goh, Winnie ; Wong, Wilfred Hing sang ; Chow, Chun Bong. / Rasch validation of the Chinese parent–child interaction scale (CPCIS). In: World Journal of Pediatrics. 2018 ; Vol. 14, No. 3. pp. 238-246.
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abstract = "Background: Proper parent–child interaction is crucial for child development, but an assessment tool in Chinese is currently lacking. This study aimed to develop and validate a parent-reported parent–child interaction scale for Chinese preschool children. Methods: The Chinese parent–child interaction scale (CPCIS) was designed by an expert panel based on the literature and clinical observations in the Chinese context. The initial CPCIS had 14 parent–child interactive activity items. Psychometric properties of the CPCIS were examined using the Rasch model and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA). Convergent validity was investigated by the associations between CPCIS and family income, maternal education level, and children’s school readiness. Results: The study recruited 567 Chinese parent–child pairs from diverse socioeconomic backgrounds, who completed the CPCIS. Six out of the 14 items in the initial CPCIS were dropped due to suboptimal fit values. The refined 8-item CPCIS was shown to be valid and reliable by Rasch models and CFA. The person separation reliability and Cronbach’s α of the CPCIS were 0.81 and 0.82, respectively. The CPCIS scores were positively associated with family’s socioeconomic status (η2 = 0.05, P < 0.001), maternal education level (η2 = 0.08, P < 0.001), and children’s school readiness (η2 = 0.01, P < 0.01). Conclusion: CPCIS is an easily administered, valid, and reliable tool for the assessment of parent–child interactions in Chinese families.",
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Ip, P, Tso, W, Rao, N, Ho, FKW, Chan, EKL, Fu, KW, Li, SL, Goh, W, Wong, WHS & Chow, CB 2018, 'Rasch validation of the Chinese parent–child interaction scale (CPCIS)', World Journal of Pediatrics, vol. 14, no. 3, pp. 238-246. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12519-018-0132-z

Rasch validation of the Chinese parent–child interaction scale (CPCIS). / Ip, Patrick; Tso, Winnie; Rao, Nirmala; Ho, Frederick Ka Wing; Chan, Edward Ko Ling; Fu, King Wa; Li, Sophia Ling; Goh, Winnie; Wong, Wilfred Hing sang; Chow, Chun Bong.

In: World Journal of Pediatrics, Vol. 14, No. 3, 01.06.2018, p. 238-246.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Ip, Patrick

AU - Tso, Winnie

AU - Rao, Nirmala

AU - Ho, Frederick Ka Wing

AU - Chan, Edward Ko Ling

AU - Fu, King Wa

AU - Li, Sophia Ling

AU - Goh, Winnie

AU - Wong, Wilfred Hing sang

AU - Chow, Chun Bong

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N2 - Background: Proper parent–child interaction is crucial for child development, but an assessment tool in Chinese is currently lacking. This study aimed to develop and validate a parent-reported parent–child interaction scale for Chinese preschool children. Methods: The Chinese parent–child interaction scale (CPCIS) was designed by an expert panel based on the literature and clinical observations in the Chinese context. The initial CPCIS had 14 parent–child interactive activity items. Psychometric properties of the CPCIS were examined using the Rasch model and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA). Convergent validity was investigated by the associations between CPCIS and family income, maternal education level, and children’s school readiness. Results: The study recruited 567 Chinese parent–child pairs from diverse socioeconomic backgrounds, who completed the CPCIS. Six out of the 14 items in the initial CPCIS were dropped due to suboptimal fit values. The refined 8-item CPCIS was shown to be valid and reliable by Rasch models and CFA. The person separation reliability and Cronbach’s α of the CPCIS were 0.81 and 0.82, respectively. The CPCIS scores were positively associated with family’s socioeconomic status (η2 = 0.05, P < 0.001), maternal education level (η2 = 0.08, P < 0.001), and children’s school readiness (η2 = 0.01, P < 0.01). Conclusion: CPCIS is an easily administered, valid, and reliable tool for the assessment of parent–child interactions in Chinese families.

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