Background: Rate-control medications are considered first-line treatment for patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). However, obstructive lung disease (OLD), a condition prevalent in those with AF, often makes it difficult to use those medications because of the lack of studies on new-onset AF in patients with OLD. Objective: The purpose of this study was to investigate clinical outcomes after administration of each class of rate-control medication in patients with concomitant AF and OLD (AF-OLD). Methods: This study used the entire database provided by the National Health Insurance Service from 2002 to 2015. Risk of all-cause mortality was compared between use of calcium channel blocker (CCB) and use of other drug classes in AF-OLD patients using Cox regression analyses after propensity score matching. Results: Among the 13,111 patients, the number of AF-OLD patients treated with a CCB, cardioselective β-blocker (BB), nonselective BB, and digoxin was 2482, 2379, 2255, and 5995, respectively. The risk of mortality was lower with use of selective BB (hazard ratio [HR] 0.84; 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.75–0.94; P =.002) and nonselective BB (HR 0.85; 95% CI 0.77–0.95; P =.003) compared to use of CCBs. Digoxin use was related with worse survival, with marginal statistical significance (HR 1.09; 95% CI 1.00–1.18; P =.053). Conclusion: Among patients with AF-OLD, rate-control treatment using selective and nonselective BB was associated with a significant reduction in mortality compared with CCB use. Further prospective randomized trials are required to confirm these findings.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by a grant from the Korea Health Technology R&D Project through the Korea Health Industry Development Institute (KHIDI), funded by the Ministry of Health & Welfare, Republic of Korea (grant number: HI16C0992). Conflicts of interest: None declared. Dr You and Min Ho An contributed equally to this work.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Physiology (medical)