Reactive oxygen species (ROS) have been considered to mediate inflammation in Down syndrome (DS). The present study is purposed to examine the mechanism of increased ROS levels and inflammatory cytokine IL-8 expression in Down syndrome candidate region-1 (DSCR1)-transfected cells, by determining ROS levels, IL-8 expression, NF-κB activation, and SOD1 levels in human embryonic kidney (HEK) 293 cells. The cells were treated with an antioxidant N-acetyl cysteine (NAC) or a calcium chelator BAPTA and stimulated with or without IL-1β. As a result, basal levels of ROS, IL-8, and NF-κB-DNA binding activity were higher, and basal SOD1 levels were higher in DSCR1-transfected cells than pcDNA-transfected cells. BAPTA and NAC inhibited increase in ROS (intracellular and mitochondrial levels) in DSCR-1-transfected cells without treatment of IL-1β. DSCR1 transfection-induced changes were increased by treatment with IL-1β, which was suppressed by NAC and BAPTA. Transfection of SOD1 inhibited ROS levels in DSCR1-transfected cells. In conclusion, ROS activate NF-κB and IL-8 induction in DSCR1-transfected cells in a calcium-dependent manner, which is augmented by IL-1β since IL-1β increases calcium and ROS levels in the cells. Reducing ROS levels by treatment of antioxidants may be beneficial for preventing DS-associated inflammation by suppressing cytokine expression.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||International Journal of Biochemistry and Cell Biology|
|Publication status||Published - 2014 Oct|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant funded by the Korea government (MSIP) (No. 2007-0056092 ).
© 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cell Biology