The high penetration of distributed energy resources (DERs) in the distribution system brings new challenges related to voltage variations and reverse power flow. The sudden changes in electric power generation from the DERs due to climate conditions or their internal malfunction might cause high fluctuations in system voltage. To enhance the voltage stability when a disturbance occurs, this paper proposes a new reactive power management method to control each DER based on voltage sensitivity analysis. The voltage variation has the different features in both steady-state and transient conditions. In particular, its transient behavior depends on the type of DERs. Therefore, the particular optimal control for improving the dynamic response of voltage is difficult to apply for all types of DERs. In contrast, the voltage variation in steady-state can be controlled with the reactive power management by the sensitivity analysis between reactive power generation and system voltage. Even though this paper focuses on the reduction of voltage variation in steady-state, the relationship between the voltage variations in steady-state and transient conditions is also analyzed. The effectiveness of the proposed method is verified with several case studies on the practical distribution system in South Korea by using the time-domain simulation based on the PSCAD/EMTDC® software. The results show that the proposed reactive power management method can improve the dynamic voltage responses in both steady-state and transient conditions when the distribution system has the high penetration of renewables.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Energy Engineering and Power Technology
- Energy (miscellaneous)
- Control and Optimization
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering