Endoscopic combined intrarenal surgery (ECIRS) with simultaneous retrograde intrarenal surgery (RIRS) and percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) has been proposed as a new surgical treatment to overcome the disadvantage of RIRS and PCNL monotherapies in the treatment of renal stone. One of advantages of ECIRS is that it can increase stone-free rates in complex renal stone within single-session. Intermediate-supine position in real-time simultaneous ECIRS can prevent an anesthesiologic problem, and pa-tient’s burden is small even for long-term operation. Thus, we will share the experience and advantages of real-time simultaneous ECIRS and introduce techniques to increase the stone-free rate.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes