Real-time structural health monitoring of a supertall building under construction based on visual modal identification strategy

Hyo Seon Park, Byung Kwan Oh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

37 Citations (Scopus)


This paper presents a real-time structural health monitoring technique for a supertall building under construction, Lotte World Tower (LWT), the tallest building in Korea. To evaluate the state and safety of the supertall building under construction, this study presents a visual modal identification method to identify mode shape and damping ratio based on modal responses from the monitoring system. In the method, mode shape and damping are visually identified from the time history plotting of well-filtered modal responses in real time. Since the presented method does not include a kind of complex calculation for measured data required in the previous SI methods, it can avoid time consuming in system identification (SI) as well as variation in value of modal parameter extracted from measurement. An ambient vibration test on the LWT under construction was performed in 2015. Using the test data, the presented method identified the mode shapes and damping of the LWT visually with small variations without any complicated computations. Further, this study presents a model updating method with a simplified pseudo frame model to construct a baseline model for the LWT under construction using measured modal responses. The validity of the updated model for the LWT was verified through estimations of mode shape and structural responses.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)273-289
Number of pages17
JournalAutomation in Construction
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Jan

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by a National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant funded by the Korea government (Ministry of Science, ICT & Future Planning, MSIP ) (No. 2011-0018360 ). The authors are grateful to Lotte E&C, MIDAS IT, and Chang Minwoo Structural Consultants for the ambient vibration measurements.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 Elsevier B.V.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction


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