Rebamipide induces the gastric mucosal protective factor, cyclooxygenase-2, via activation of 5′-AMP-activated protein kinase

Sunyoung Lee, Seongkeun Jeong, Wooseong Kim, Dohoon Kim, Yejin Yang, Jeong Hyun Yoon, Byung Joo Kim, Do Sik Min, Yunjin Jung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Rebamipide, an amino acid derivative of 2(1H)-quinolinone, has been used for mucosal protection, healing of gastroduodenal ulcers, and treatment of gastritis. Induction of cyclooxygenase (COX)-2, a gastric mucosal protective factor, by rebamipide has been suggested as the major mechanism of the drug action. However, how rebamipide induces COX-2 at the molecular level needs further investigation. In this study, the molecular mechanism underlying the induction of COX-2 by rebamipide was investigated. In gastric carcinoma cells and macrophage cells, rebamipide induced phosphorylation of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK), leading to phosphorylation of acetyl-CoA carboxylase (ACC), a substrate of AMPK. The induction of COX-2 by rebamipide was dependent on AMPK activation because compound C, an AMPK inhibitor, abolished COX-2 induction by rebamipide. In a mouse ulcer model, rebamipide protected against hydrochloric acid/ethanol-induced gastric ulcer, and these protective effects were deterred by co-administration of compound C. In parallel, in the gastric tissues, rebamipide increased the phosphorylation AMPK, whereas compound C reduced the levels of COX-2 and phosphorylated ACC, which were increased by rebamipide. Taken together, the activation of AMPK by rebamipide may be a molecular mechanism that contributes to induction of COX-2, probably resulting in protection against gastric ulcers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)449-455
Number of pages7
JournalBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Jan 29

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016 Elsevier Inc.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


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