Here, an interesting, new 0D material is presented: graphene quantum dots. The new properties arising from quantum confinement and edge effects after converting 2D graphene into graphene quantum dots have attracted great interest in various disciplines, such as physics, biology, materials, and chemistry. Here, the recent technological advances in the field of graphene quantum dots reported in the literature on both a theoretical and an experimental basis are highlighted. Various synthesis methodologies and physical properties are discussed, along with their implementation in energy (supercapacitors, fuel cells, photovoltaic devices, light-emitting diodes), biomedical (biosensors, drug delivery, bioimaging), and environmental applications.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Victor Malgras received his Bachelor’s degree in physics engineering from the Polytechnic School of Montreal (Canada), his Master’s degree in nanosci- ence from the University Toulouse III (France), and his Ph.D. degree in photovoltaics and nanomaterial engi- neering from the University of Wollongong (Australia). After carrying out his JSPS fellowship, he is now working as ICYS researcher at NIMS (Japan). His expertise lies in the fabrication and characterization of nanocrystals, mesoporous materials and nanocomposites, as well as their integration for various applications such as catalysis and optoelectronic devices.
E.H. and J.K. contributed equally to this work. E.H. acknowledges the support of an Alfred Deakin Postdoctoral Research Fellowship, funded by Deakin University. This work was also supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea(NRF) grant funded by the Korea government (MSIP) (No. 2017K2A9A1A01092972). V.M. is an overseas researcher under Postdoctoral Fellowship of the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS).
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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)