Recent aspects of ketogenic diet in neurological disorders

Hye Eun Kwon, Heung Dong Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


The ketogenic diet (KD) is a high-fat, low-carbohydrate diet, in which fat is used as the primary energy source through the production of ketone bodies (KBs) in place of glucose. The KD was formally introduced in 1921 to mimic the biochemical changes associated with fasting and gained recognition as a potent treatment for pediatric epilepsy in the mid-1990s. The clinical and basic scientific knowledge that supports the anti-seizure efficacy, safety, and feasibility of using the KD in patients with epilepsy is huge. Additionally, the International Ketogenic Diet Study Group’s consensus guidelines provide practical information in 2009 and 2018. The KD is a broad-spectrum therapy for drug resistant epilepsy and is gaining attention as a potential therapy for other neurological disorders. This article will review recent aspects on the use of the KD, including its mechanisms of action, KD alternatives, expanding its use across different age groups and regions, its use as a treatment for other neurologic disorders, and future research subjects.

Original languageEnglish
Article number21
JournalActa Epileptologica
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Dec

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021, The Author(s).

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Neurology


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