External beam radiotherapy (EBRT) for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) has not been widely used due to lack of high-level evidence, despite its potent local therapeutic effect. While clinical evidence has accumulated and meta-analyses of observational studies have provided integrated information to help in clinical decision-making, a recent randomized trial demonstrated the benefit of EBRT in cases of HCC with major vessel invasion. Based on these trends, the efficacy of EBRT has been better recognized, and EBRT has been more frequently recommended in several international treatment guidelines newly updated in 2018. This review examined the key issues of EBRT in the guidelines updated in 2018 as well as recently published noteworthy randomized trials and meta-analyses. Ongoing trials to identify the trends and direction of future research on EBRT for HCC were also reviewed.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging