Receptor activator of nuclear factor-κB ligand and sclerostin expression in osteocytes of alveolar bone in rats with ligature-induced periodontitis

Ji Hye Kim, Dong Eun Lee, JeongHeon Cha, Eun Jung Bak, Yun Jung Yoo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Osteocytes are increasingly recognized as significant sources of osteoclast differentiation factor, receptor activator of nuclear factor-κB ligand (RANKL), and osteoblast differentiation inhibitory factor, sclerostin. In this study, RANKL and sclerostin expression of osteocytes is investigated in rats with ligature-induced periodontitis. Methods: Rats were divided into control and periodontitis groups, and periodontitis was induced by ligature on the mandibular first molars. At 1, 3, 10, and 20 days after ligature, histologic analyses of alveolar bone (AB) and osteoid areas in the molar furcation were performed. The numbers of osteoclasts and RANKL- and sclerostin-positive osteocytes were estimated by tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase staining and immunohistochemistry, respectively. Results: The AB area gradually decreased at day 10 after ligature and increased at day 20. The number of osteoclasts markedly increased at day 3 and then decreased. Conversely, osteoid formation was suppressed up to day 3 and then showed a remarkable increase above control level at day 20. The number of RANKL-positive osteocytes increased at days 1 and 3 and then decreased. Sclerostin-positive osteocytes markedly increased at days 3 and 10 but decreased below control level at day 20. Conclusions: These results show that AB loss is accompanied by enhanced osteoclast formation and suppressed osteoid formation. Osteocytes express RANKL when osteoclast formation increases, and they express sclerostin when osteoid formation is suppressed. Conversely, osteocytic sclerostin expression decreases when osteoid formation increases. These findings suggest that osteocytes may be important in AB loss via RANKL and sclerostin expression in periodontitis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e370-e378
JournalJournal of Periodontology
Volume85
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Jan 1

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Osteocytes
Periodontitis
Cytoplasmic and Nuclear Receptors
Ligation
Ligands
Bone and Bones
Osteoclasts
Alveolar Bone Loss
RANK Ligand
Osteoblasts
Immunohistochemistry
Staining and Labeling
Control Groups

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Periodontics

Cite this

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title = "Receptor activator of nuclear factor-κB ligand and sclerostin expression in osteocytes of alveolar bone in rats with ligature-induced periodontitis",
abstract = "Background: Osteocytes are increasingly recognized as significant sources of osteoclast differentiation factor, receptor activator of nuclear factor-κB ligand (RANKL), and osteoblast differentiation inhibitory factor, sclerostin. In this study, RANKL and sclerostin expression of osteocytes is investigated in rats with ligature-induced periodontitis. Methods: Rats were divided into control and periodontitis groups, and periodontitis was induced by ligature on the mandibular first molars. At 1, 3, 10, and 20 days after ligature, histologic analyses of alveolar bone (AB) and osteoid areas in the molar furcation were performed. The numbers of osteoclasts and RANKL- and sclerostin-positive osteocytes were estimated by tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase staining and immunohistochemistry, respectively. Results: The AB area gradually decreased at day 10 after ligature and increased at day 20. The number of osteoclasts markedly increased at day 3 and then decreased. Conversely, osteoid formation was suppressed up to day 3 and then showed a remarkable increase above control level at day 20. The number of RANKL-positive osteocytes increased at days 1 and 3 and then decreased. Sclerostin-positive osteocytes markedly increased at days 3 and 10 but decreased below control level at day 20. Conclusions: These results show that AB loss is accompanied by enhanced osteoclast formation and suppressed osteoid formation. Osteocytes express RANKL when osteoclast formation increases, and they express sclerostin when osteoid formation is suppressed. Conversely, osteocytic sclerostin expression decreases when osteoid formation increases. These findings suggest that osteocytes may be important in AB loss via RANKL and sclerostin expression in periodontitis.",
author = "Kim, {Ji Hye} and Lee, {Dong Eun} and JeongHeon Cha and Bak, {Eun Jung} and Yoo, {Yun Jung}",
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Receptor activator of nuclear factor-κB ligand and sclerostin expression in osteocytes of alveolar bone in rats with ligature-induced periodontitis. / Kim, Ji Hye; Lee, Dong Eun; Cha, JeongHeon; Bak, Eun Jung; Yoo, Yun Jung.

In: Journal of Periodontology, Vol. 85, No. 11, 01.01.2014, p. e370-e378.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Receptor activator of nuclear factor-κB ligand and sclerostin expression in osteocytes of alveolar bone in rats with ligature-induced periodontitis

AU - Kim, Ji Hye

AU - Lee, Dong Eun

AU - Cha, JeongHeon

AU - Bak, Eun Jung

AU - Yoo, Yun Jung

PY - 2014/1/1

Y1 - 2014/1/1

N2 - Background: Osteocytes are increasingly recognized as significant sources of osteoclast differentiation factor, receptor activator of nuclear factor-κB ligand (RANKL), and osteoblast differentiation inhibitory factor, sclerostin. In this study, RANKL and sclerostin expression of osteocytes is investigated in rats with ligature-induced periodontitis. Methods: Rats were divided into control and periodontitis groups, and periodontitis was induced by ligature on the mandibular first molars. At 1, 3, 10, and 20 days after ligature, histologic analyses of alveolar bone (AB) and osteoid areas in the molar furcation were performed. The numbers of osteoclasts and RANKL- and sclerostin-positive osteocytes were estimated by tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase staining and immunohistochemistry, respectively. Results: The AB area gradually decreased at day 10 after ligature and increased at day 20. The number of osteoclasts markedly increased at day 3 and then decreased. Conversely, osteoid formation was suppressed up to day 3 and then showed a remarkable increase above control level at day 20. The number of RANKL-positive osteocytes increased at days 1 and 3 and then decreased. Sclerostin-positive osteocytes markedly increased at days 3 and 10 but decreased below control level at day 20. Conclusions: These results show that AB loss is accompanied by enhanced osteoclast formation and suppressed osteoid formation. Osteocytes express RANKL when osteoclast formation increases, and they express sclerostin when osteoid formation is suppressed. Conversely, osteocytic sclerostin expression decreases when osteoid formation increases. These findings suggest that osteocytes may be important in AB loss via RANKL and sclerostin expression in periodontitis.

AB - Background: Osteocytes are increasingly recognized as significant sources of osteoclast differentiation factor, receptor activator of nuclear factor-κB ligand (RANKL), and osteoblast differentiation inhibitory factor, sclerostin. In this study, RANKL and sclerostin expression of osteocytes is investigated in rats with ligature-induced periodontitis. Methods: Rats were divided into control and periodontitis groups, and periodontitis was induced by ligature on the mandibular first molars. At 1, 3, 10, and 20 days after ligature, histologic analyses of alveolar bone (AB) and osteoid areas in the molar furcation were performed. The numbers of osteoclasts and RANKL- and sclerostin-positive osteocytes were estimated by tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase staining and immunohistochemistry, respectively. Results: The AB area gradually decreased at day 10 after ligature and increased at day 20. The number of osteoclasts markedly increased at day 3 and then decreased. Conversely, osteoid formation was suppressed up to day 3 and then showed a remarkable increase above control level at day 20. The number of RANKL-positive osteocytes increased at days 1 and 3 and then decreased. Sclerostin-positive osteocytes markedly increased at days 3 and 10 but decreased below control level at day 20. Conclusions: These results show that AB loss is accompanied by enhanced osteoclast formation and suppressed osteoid formation. Osteocytes express RANKL when osteoclast formation increases, and they express sclerostin when osteoid formation is suppressed. Conversely, osteocytic sclerostin expression decreases when osteoid formation increases. These findings suggest that osteocytes may be important in AB loss via RANKL and sclerostin expression in periodontitis.

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DO - 10.1902/jop.2014.140230

M3 - Article

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JO - Journal of Periodontology

JF - Journal of Periodontology

SN - 0022-3492

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