Deregulation of the cell cycle by overexpression of G1 cyclins, cyclin E and cyclin D1 genes, has been demonstrated to be a prerequisite for the development of human cancer. Recently, cyclin E is proposed to be sufficient for the progression of the G1 cell cycle without cyclin D1. Here we show that the proposed model system was specifically present in human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) unlike other human cancers. Of 31 HCC tissues analyzed, 21 (67.7%) exhibited an overexpression of cyclin E protein. In contrast to cyclin E gene expression, cyclin D1 expression was strongly downregulated in 19 (61.2%) HCCs. Interestingly, 65% of HCC tissues with overexpression of the cyclin E gene exhibited downregulation of cyclin D1, suggesting reciprocal deregulation of these cyclins in the G1 progression of the cell cycle. Southern blot analysis proved the amplification of cyclin E gene in HCC with a high level of overexpression. The present findings suggest that the reciprocal deregulation of cyclin E lacking cyclin D1 expression might play a role in G1 progression and the development of HCC.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The authors thank Professor Woon-Ki Paik (Aju University School of Medicine) for critically reading the manuscript. Kee-Ho Lee is supported by Functional Analysis of Human Genome (FG-1-1) and National Nuclear R&D program, Korean Ministry of Science and Technology. Chang-Min Kim is supported by National Nuclear R&D program, Korean Ministry of Science and Technology.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cancer Research