We measured the changes of forearm flexor H reflexes produced by conditioning radial nerve stimulation at delays of -2, 0, 2, 4, 7.5, 10, 25 and 75 ms in 10 patients with PKD and six with generalized seizure disorder. We compared the results with 12 normal volunteers. In the patients with PKD, we compared the amounts of reciprocal inhibition between the severely and the asymptomatic or mildly affected sides of arms. Follow-up studies were done in eight PKD patients after they responded to the anticonvulsant treatment. At each delay, patients with seizure disorders showed comparable amounts of changes with controls. Patients with PKD showed paradoxical facilitation at a delay of 0 ms, enhanced facilitation between 2 to 7.5 ms delays and attenuated inhibition at a delay of 75 ms. There were no significant differences in the amount of reciprocal inhibition according to the severity of clinical symptoms. Follow-up studies showed no significant changes of reciprocal inhibition compared to the baseline data. In PKD, paradoxical facilitation and enhanced first relative facilitation period may be caused by defective spinal interneurons. In addition to the defective reciprocal inhibition, abnormalities of supraspinal inputs seem to be involved in the genesis of PKD. Copyright (C) 1999 Elsevier Science B.V.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Clinical Neurology