Reciprocal relationship between multicultural adolescents’ depression and life satisfaction: a random intercept cross-lagged panel model for 3-wave panel data

Hyeyeon Lee, Hyeonkyeong Lee, Youlim Kim, Mikyung Lee, Chang Gi Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Multicultural adolescents (MA) in Korea experience higher depression and lower life satisfaction compared to Korean native adolescents. To consider appropriate interventions, this study investigates the cross-lagged effect between life satisfaction and depression among these adolescents. Secondary data from the Multicultural Adolescents Panel Survey, which is a nationally representative sample, was analyzed. Data from the 3rd (T1, elementary school), 5th (T2, middle school), and 7th (T3, high school) waves (2013–2017) were used. Altogether, 1,239 MA were included in the sample for analysis; the mean age at T1 was 11.97 (± 0.36) years. The ten-item Depression Scale Questionnaire was used to measure depression, and the three-item Happiness Scale was used to measure life satisfaction. The random intercept cross-lagged panel model was conducted to estimate within-person autoregressive and cross-lagged effects. Life satisfaction and depression had a reciprocal relationship from T1 to T2, while only life satisfaction had a lagged effect from T2 to T3. Life satisfaction’s lagged effect dominated that of depression. The cross-lagged effect size of depression from T1 to T2 was larger than that from T2 to T3, and that of life satisfaction from T2 to T3 was larger than that from T1 to T2. Low life satisfaction in MA continues over time. Depression is not persistent, but if experienced in elementary school, it leads to low life satisfaction in middle school and depression in high school. The findings suggest that early intervention for depression in elementary school can reduce its negative effect MA’s life satisfaction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2353-2367
Number of pages15
JournalApplied Research in Quality of Life
Volume17
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Aug

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Hyeyeon Lee and Mikyung Lee received a scholarship from the Brain Korea 21 FOUR Project funded by the National Research Foundation of Korea, Yonsei University College of Nursing.

Funding Information:
Hyeyeon Lee and Mikyung Lee received a scholarship from the Brain Korea 21 FOUR Project funded by the National Research Foundation of Korea, Yonsei University College of Nursing.

Funding Information:
This research was supported by the Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF), funded by the Ministry of Education under Grant [NRF-2020R11A2069894].

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022, The Author(s).

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Life-span and Life-course Studies

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Reciprocal relationship between multicultural adolescents’ depression and life satisfaction: a random intercept cross-lagged panel model for 3-wave panel data'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this