Semiconducting two-dimensional transition-metal dichalcogenides are considered promising gas-sensing materials because of their large surface-to-volume ratio, excellent electrical conductivity, and susceptible surfaces. However, enhancement of the recovery performance has not yet been intensively explored. In this study, a large-area uniform WSe2 is synthesized for use in a high-performance semiconductor gas sensor. At room temperature, the WSe2 gas sensor shows a significantly high response (4140%) to NO2 compared to the use of NH3, CO2, and acetone. This paper demonstrates improved recovery of the WSe2 gas sensor's NO2-sensing performance by utilizing external thermal energy. In addition, a novel strategy for improving the recovery of the WSe2 gas sensor is realized by reacting NH3 and adsorbed NO2 on the surface of WSe2: the NO2 molecules are spontaneously desorbed, and the recovery time is dramatically decreased (85 min → 43 s). It is expected that the fast recovery of the WSe2 gas sensor achieved here will be used to develop an environmental monitoring system platform.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This study was supported by the Materials and Components Technology Development Program of MOTIE/KEIT (10080527, Development of commercialization technology of high sensitive gas sensor based on chalcogenide 2D nano material); a grant from the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Korea government (MSIP) (No. NRF-2014R1A2A1A11052588); and Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Education, Science and Technology (No. 2015R1D1A1A01060064).
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)