Hyperlipidemia is a rare cause of pancreatitis. It has been believed that free fatty acids released from hydrolyzed serum chylomicrons or triglycerides and chylomicrons induce hyperlipidemic pancreatitis by damaging acinar cells and capillaries. Type I, IV or V hyperlipidemic (Fredrickson's classification) pancreatitides have distinctive features of increased and heightened serum chylomicron and triglyceride levels. In contrast, type IIb hyperlipidemia usually doesn't have increased chylomicrons. It is a dominant inherited genetic disorder and doesn't manifest the subjective symptom before combining vascular complications such as coronary artery disease. Only a few cases of type IIb hyperlipidemic pancreatitis have been reported. We experienced a male patient with recurrent hyperlipidemic pancreatitis combined with type IIb hyperlipidemia. We present the case report and a review of the literature of hyperlipidemic pancreatitis, especially cases in Korea.
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