Background & Aims: Precise assessment of liver fibrosis is necessary in patients with chronic liver disease. We investigated the performance of red cell volume distribution width-to-platelet ratio for the assessment of liver fibrosis in patients with chronic hepatitis B. Methods: A total of 482 consecutive patients with chronic hepatitis B who underwent liver biopsy between October 2005 and May 2014 were recruited. Liver stiffness was measured using transient elastography. FIB-4 score, red cell volume distribution width-to-platelet ratio and the aspartate aminotransferase-to-platelet ratio index were also assessed. Results: A total of 271 (56.2%) patients were males. The median age was 44 years. F1, F2, F3 and F4 fibrosis stages were identified in 68 (14.1%), 137 (28.4%), 64 (13.3%) and 213 (44.2%) of the patients respectively. The mean red cell volume distribution width-to-platelet ratio increased with liver fibrosis severity: F1, 0.065; F2, 0.077; F3, 0.097 and F4, 0.121 (P < 0.01). The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of the red cell volume distribution width-toplatelet ratio for predicting significant fibrosis (≥F2) was 0.747. This result was inferior to transient elastography (0.866, P = 0.004), but comparable to FIB-4 (0.782, P = 0.427) and aspartate aminotransferase-to-platelet ratio index (0.716, P = 0.507). The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of red cell volume distribution width-to-platelet ratio for predicting cirrhosis (F4) was 0.811, which was inferior to liver stiffness (0.915, P < 0.001), but comparable to FIB-4 (0.804, P = 0.805) and superior to aspartate aminotransferase-to-platelet ratio index (0.680, P < 0.001). Conclusions: The accuracy of red cell volume distribution width-to-platelet ratio was acceptable for the assessment of liver fibrosis in patients with chronic hepatitis B. When transient elastography is not available, red cell volume distribution width-to-platelet ratio assessment is a simple method that can be used to reduce the need for liver biopsy.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Financial support: This study was supported by the Liver Cirrhosis Clinical Research Center and, in part by a grant from the Korea Healthcare Technology R&D project, Ministry of Health and Welfare, Republic of Korea (HI10C2020). The funders did not participate in the preparation of the manuscript.
© 2015 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
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