Red fluorescence for assessing longitudinal tooth fractures

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Background: This study was designed to determine whether autofluorescence emitted from longitudinal tooth fractures (LTFs) differs between fracture types, with the aim of determining which clinical factors are related to red fluorescence at the fracture line. Methods: Thirty-three extracted teeth were classified into cracked teeth, split teeth, and root fractures using LTF types according to the American Association of Endodontists classification. The types of LTFs were identified using an operating microscope. LTF autofluorescence was captured using a fluorescence technique. Clinical examinations were performed using the preoperative factors from clinical and radiographic findings. Results: Red fluorescence was identified in 82% and 83% of cracked and split teeth, respectively. None of the vertical root fractures exhibited red fluorescence (p<0.001). When red fluorescence was identified on the outer tooth surface, it penetrated into the crack line, but fluorescence that was not red at the tooth surface did not penetrate the fracture line. Among the examined preoperative clinical factors, differences between the presence and absence of red fluorescence were identified for sinus tract formation (p = 0.021), and radiographic features (p = 0.027). Regression analysis revealed a significant factor related to the red fluorescence, with sinus tract formation having a negative effect on red fluorescence (odds ratio [OR]=0.09). The presence of comprehensive periradicular lesions in radiography had a positive effect on red fluorescence (OR=5.04). Conclusions: Cracks originating from tooth crowns in certain types of LTFs were associated with red fluorescence, and cracks with red fluorescence were associated with extensive periodontal bone resorption around the teeth roots.

Original languageEnglish
Article number102845
JournalPhotodiagnosis and Photodynamic Therapy
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Jun

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research was supported by a grant of the Korea Health Technology R&D Project through the Korea Health Industry Development Institute (KHIDI), funded by the Ministry of Health & Welfare, Republic of Korea (grant number: HI20C0129 ).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 Elsevier B.V.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biophysics
  • Oncology
  • Dermatology
  • Pharmacology (medical)


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