Background/Aims: Despite controversy regarding the benefits of immunosup-pressive therapy in immunoglobulin A nephropathy (IgAN), clinical outcomes may vary depending on the patient’s responsiveness to this therapy. This study evaluated long-term kidney outcomes according to the extent of proteinuria reduction after immunosuppression in IgAN patients. Methods: Among 927 patients with biopsy-proven IgAN, 127 patients underwent immunosuppression. Time-averaged urine protein-creatinine ratio before and within 1 year after start of immunosuppression were calculated, and responsiveness to immunosuppression was assessed as the reduction of proteinuria between the two periods. Patients were classified into tertiles according to the extent of proteinuria reduction. We compared the slopes of estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) decline using a linear mixed model, and estimated hazard ratios (HRs) for disease progression (defined as development of a ≥ 30% decline in eGFR or end-stage renal disease) using a Cox proportional hazard model. Results: Median extent of proteinuria reduction was –2.1, –0.9, and –0.2 g/gCr in the first, second, and third tertiles, respectively. There were concomitant chang-es in the slopes of annual eGFR decline: –2.03, –2.44, and –4.62 mL/min/1.73 m2 among the first, second, and third tertiles, respectively. In multivariable Cox anal-ysis, the HRs (95% confidence intervals) for disease progression were 0.30 (0.12 to 0.74) in the first tertile and 0.70 (0.34 to 1.45) in the second tertile compared with the thirdtertile. Conclusions: This study showed that greater proteinuria reduction after immu-nosuppression was associated with a lower risk of disease progression in patients with IgAN, suggesting that responsiveness to immunosuppression may be an important determinant of kidney outcomes.
|Number of pages||12|
|Journal||Korean Journal of Internal Medicine|
|Publication status||Published - 2021 Sept|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This research was supported by the research fund of the Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2019ER690101).
© 2021 The Korean Association of Internal Medicine.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Internal Medicine