Background: The present study introduces a reduction malarplasty using a three-dimensional (3D)-printed surgical guide and evaluates the guide’s technical applicability. Methods: Twenty malarplasties were performed for 12 subjects with zygomatic asymmetry/prominency using the current method. 3D reconstruction of the craniomaxillofacial region and fine dental occlusion was made with image data from computed tomograpy and dental scanning. A computer-assisted surgical simulation was performed for reduction malarplasty and a surgical guide was designed for later 3D printing. The manufactured surgical guide was introduced to the operation field to guide the surgery; its surgical accuracy was confirmed by comparing five corresponding points from preoperative simulation and postoperative data. Results: We successfully performed the reduction malarplasty with the surgical guide. The accuracy level of surgery fell to 0.93 mm of total median difference for the corresponding zygoma points of preoperative simulations and postoperative zygoma. The anterior and upper points showed less error level (0.59 and 0.73 mm difference, respectively) than did other points. Conclusions: We developed a computer-assisted surgical technique using a surgical guide for asymmetrical/prominent zygoma which proved to be simple, practical, and accurate; it is expected to help surgeons perform reduction malarplasty with ease and accuracy.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This research was supported by a grant of the Korea Health Technology R&D Project through the Korea Health Industry Development Institute (KHIDI), funded by the Ministry of Health & Welfare, Republic of Korea (grant number: HI20C0127) for S.-H. Lee.
© 2022, The Author(s).
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Clinical Neurology