Regulation of Cyr61/CCN1 gene expression through RhoA GTPase and p38MAPK signaling pathways: Role of CREB and AP-1 transcription factors

Ji Soo Han, Edward Macarak, Joel Rosenbloom, Kwang Chul Chung, Brahim Chaqour

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

70 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Cysteine-rich protein 61 (Cyr61/CCN1) is an angiogenic factor and a member of a family of growth factor-inducible immediate-early genes with functions in cell adhesion, proliferation and differentiation. We investigated the regulatory mechanisms and signaling pathways involved in Cyr61/CCN1 gene activation in smooth muscle cells. Treatment of these cells with sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P), a bioactive lysolipid, increased rapidly but transiently the expression of the Cyr61/CCN1 gene at both the mRNA and protein levels. Cyr61/CCN1 mRNA stability was not altered but the transcription rate of the Cyr61/CCN1 gene was increased fivefold in isolated nuclei from S1P-stimulated cells indicating that the level of control is primarily transcriptional. Transfection experiments showed that a 936-bp promoter fragment of the human Cyr61/CCN1 gene is functional and induces a reporter gene activity in S1P-treated cells. Using a combination of cis-element mutagenesis and expression of dominant negative inhibitors of transcription factors, we showed that both a CRE and AP-1 site and their cognate transcription factors, cAMP response element binding protein (CREB) and AP-1, were responsible for the promoter activity in S1P-stimulated cells. Furthermore, by using either pharmacological inhibitors or active forms of known signaling molecules, we showed that inducible Cyr61/CCN1 gene expression occurs through RhoA GTPase and that additional signaling through the p38 pathway is required. In particular, p38 seems to regulate Cyr61/CCN1 promoter activity through modulation of phosphorylation of CREB and the CREB kinase, MSK1. These findings demonstrate the transcriptional regulation of the Cyr61/CCN1 gene and provide clues to the signaling molecules and transcription factors involved in such regulation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3408-3421
Number of pages14
JournalEuropean Journal of Biochemistry
Volume270
Issue number16
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2003 Aug 1

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Cyclic AMP Response Element-Binding Protein
GTP Phosphohydrolases
Transcription Factor AP-1
Gene expression
Genes
Gene Expression
Transcription Factors
Cysteine-Rich Protein 61
Cells
Immediate-Early Genes
Angiogenesis Inducing Agents
RNA Stability
Reporter Genes
Cell Adhesion
Mutagenesis
Protein Kinases
Transcriptional Activation
Smooth Muscle Myocytes
Transfection
Cell Differentiation

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry

Cite this

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title = "Regulation of Cyr61/CCN1 gene expression through RhoA GTPase and p38MAPK signaling pathways: Role of CREB and AP-1 transcription factors",
abstract = "Cysteine-rich protein 61 (Cyr61/CCN1) is an angiogenic factor and a member of a family of growth factor-inducible immediate-early genes with functions in cell adhesion, proliferation and differentiation. We investigated the regulatory mechanisms and signaling pathways involved in Cyr61/CCN1 gene activation in smooth muscle cells. Treatment of these cells with sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P), a bioactive lysolipid, increased rapidly but transiently the expression of the Cyr61/CCN1 gene at both the mRNA and protein levels. Cyr61/CCN1 mRNA stability was not altered but the transcription rate of the Cyr61/CCN1 gene was increased fivefold in isolated nuclei from S1P-stimulated cells indicating that the level of control is primarily transcriptional. Transfection experiments showed that a 936-bp promoter fragment of the human Cyr61/CCN1 gene is functional and induces a reporter gene activity in S1P-treated cells. Using a combination of cis-element mutagenesis and expression of dominant negative inhibitors of transcription factors, we showed that both a CRE and AP-1 site and their cognate transcription factors, cAMP response element binding protein (CREB) and AP-1, were responsible for the promoter activity in S1P-stimulated cells. Furthermore, by using either pharmacological inhibitors or active forms of known signaling molecules, we showed that inducible Cyr61/CCN1 gene expression occurs through RhoA GTPase and that additional signaling through the p38 pathway is required. In particular, p38 seems to regulate Cyr61/CCN1 promoter activity through modulation of phosphorylation of CREB and the CREB kinase, MSK1. These findings demonstrate the transcriptional regulation of the Cyr61/CCN1 gene and provide clues to the signaling molecules and transcription factors involved in such regulation.",
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Regulation of Cyr61/CCN1 gene expression through RhoA GTPase and p38MAPK signaling pathways : Role of CREB and AP-1 transcription factors. / Han, Ji Soo; Macarak, Edward; Rosenbloom, Joel; Chung, Kwang Chul; Chaqour, Brahim.

In: European Journal of Biochemistry, Vol. 270, No. 16, 01.08.2003, p. 3408-3421.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AB - Cysteine-rich protein 61 (Cyr61/CCN1) is an angiogenic factor and a member of a family of growth factor-inducible immediate-early genes with functions in cell adhesion, proliferation and differentiation. We investigated the regulatory mechanisms and signaling pathways involved in Cyr61/CCN1 gene activation in smooth muscle cells. Treatment of these cells with sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P), a bioactive lysolipid, increased rapidly but transiently the expression of the Cyr61/CCN1 gene at both the mRNA and protein levels. Cyr61/CCN1 mRNA stability was not altered but the transcription rate of the Cyr61/CCN1 gene was increased fivefold in isolated nuclei from S1P-stimulated cells indicating that the level of control is primarily transcriptional. Transfection experiments showed that a 936-bp promoter fragment of the human Cyr61/CCN1 gene is functional and induces a reporter gene activity in S1P-treated cells. Using a combination of cis-element mutagenesis and expression of dominant negative inhibitors of transcription factors, we showed that both a CRE and AP-1 site and their cognate transcription factors, cAMP response element binding protein (CREB) and AP-1, were responsible for the promoter activity in S1P-stimulated cells. Furthermore, by using either pharmacological inhibitors or active forms of known signaling molecules, we showed that inducible Cyr61/CCN1 gene expression occurs through RhoA GTPase and that additional signaling through the p38 pathway is required. In particular, p38 seems to regulate Cyr61/CCN1 promoter activity through modulation of phosphorylation of CREB and the CREB kinase, MSK1. These findings demonstrate the transcriptional regulation of the Cyr61/CCN1 gene and provide clues to the signaling molecules and transcription factors involved in such regulation.

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