Regulation of gene expression, cellular localization, and in vivo function of Caenorhabditis elegans DNA topoisomerase I

Myon Hee Lee, Hyungki Park, Gaegal Shim, Junho Lee, Hyeon Sook Koo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: DNA topoisomerase I is dispensable in yeast, but is essential during the embryogenesis of Drosophila and mouse. In order to determine functions of the enzyme in the development of Caenorhabditis elegans, phenotypes resulting from the deficiency were observed and correlated with the expression of the gene. Results: The transcriptional regulation of the C. elegans DNA topoisomerase I gene was investigated by mRNA localization and reporter gene expression in C. elegans. The mRNA was expressed in the gonad and in the early embryos, followed by a rapid decrease in its level during the late embryonic stage. A reporter gene expression induced by the 5′-upstream DNA sequence appeared at the comma stage of embryos, continued through the L1 larval stage, and began to decrease gradually afterwards. The DNA topoisomerase I protein was immuno-localized in the nuclei of meiotic gonad cells and interphase embryonic cells, and unexpectedly in centrosomes of mitotic embryonic cells. Double-stranded RNA interference of DNA topoisomerase I gene expression resulted in pleiotropic phenotypes showing abnormal gonadogenesis, oocyte development and embryogenesis. Conclusion: These phenotypes, along with expressional regulations, demonstrate that DNA topoisomerase I plays important roles in rapidly growing germ cells and embryonic cells.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)303-312
Number of pages10
JournalGenes to Cells
Volume6
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2001 May 15

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Type I DNA Topoisomerase
Caenorhabditis elegans
Gene Expression Regulation
Gene Expression
Gonads
Phenotype
Reporter Genes
Embryonic Development
Embryonic Structures
Centrosome
Messenger RNA
Double-Stranded RNA
Interphase
RNA Interference
Drosophila
Oocytes
Yeasts
Enzymes
Genes
Proteins

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Genetics
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

Lee, Myon Hee ; Park, Hyungki ; Shim, Gaegal ; Lee, Junho ; Koo, Hyeon Sook. / Regulation of gene expression, cellular localization, and in vivo function of Caenorhabditis elegans DNA topoisomerase I. In: Genes to Cells. 2001 ; Vol. 6, No. 4. pp. 303-312.
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Regulation of gene expression, cellular localization, and in vivo function of Caenorhabditis elegans DNA topoisomerase I. / Lee, Myon Hee; Park, Hyungki; Shim, Gaegal; Lee, Junho; Koo, Hyeon Sook.

In: Genes to Cells, Vol. 6, No. 4, 15.05.2001, p. 303-312.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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