Regulatory roles of G-protein coupled receptors in adipose tissue metabolism and their therapeutic potential

Hyeonyeong Im, Ji Hyun Park, Seowoo Im, Juhyeong Han, Kyungmin Kim, Yun Hee Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

The high incidence of obesity has increased the need to discover new therapeutic targets to combat obesity and obesity-related metabolic diseases. Obesity is defined as an abnormal accumulation of adipose tissue, which is one of the major metabolic organs that regulate energy homeostasis. However, there are currently no approved anti-obesity therapeutics that directly target adipose tissue metabolism. With recent advances in the understanding of adipose tissue biology, molecular mechanisms involved in brown adipose tissue expansion and metabolic activation have been investigated as potential therapeutic targets to increase energy expenditure. This review focuses on G-protein coupled receptors (GPCRs) as they are the most successful class of druggable targets in human diseases and have an important role in regulating adipose tissue metabolism. We summarize recent findings on the major GPCR classes that regulate thermogenesis and mitochondrial metabolism in adipose tissue. Improved understanding of GPCR signaling pathways that regulate these processes could facilitate the development of novel pharmacological approaches to treat obesity and related metabolic disorders.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)133-145
Number of pages13
JournalArchives of pharmacal research
Volume44
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Feb

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grants (NRF-2019R1C1C1002014, NRF-2018R1A5A2024425) funded by the Korean government (MSIT) (Y-HL)

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021, The Author(s).

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Drug Discovery
  • Organic Chemistry

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Regulatory roles of G-protein coupled receptors in adipose tissue metabolism and their therapeutic potential'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this