Relationship between abstract thinking and eye gaze pattern in patients with schizophrenia

Jooyoung Oh, Ji Won Chun, Jung S. Lee, Jae Jin Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Effective integration of visual information is necessary to utilize abstract thinking, but patients with schizophrenia have slow eye movement and usually explore limited visual information. This study examines the relationship between abstract thinking ability and the pattern of eye gaze in patients with schizophrenia using a novel theme identification task.Methods: Twenty patients with schizophrenia and 22 healthy controls completed the theme identification task, in which subjects selected which word, out of a set of provided words, best described the theme of a picture. Eye gaze while performing the task was recorded by the eye tracker.Results: Patients exhibited a significantly lower correct rate for theme identification and lesser fixation and saccade counts than controls. The correct rate was significantly correlated with the fixation count in patients, but not in controls.Conclusions: Patients with schizophrenia showed impaired abstract thinking and decreased quality of gaze, which were positively associated with each other. Theme identification and eye gaze appear to be useful as tools for the objective measurement of abstract thinking in patients with schizophrenia.

Original languageEnglish
Article number13
JournalBehavioral and Brain Functions
Volume10
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Apr

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Schizophrenia
Aptitude
Saccades
Eye Movements
Thinking

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Cognitive Neuroscience
  • Biological Psychiatry
  • Behavioral Neuroscience

Cite this

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title = "Relationship between abstract thinking and eye gaze pattern in patients with schizophrenia",
abstract = "Background: Effective integration of visual information is necessary to utilize abstract thinking, but patients with schizophrenia have slow eye movement and usually explore limited visual information. This study examines the relationship between abstract thinking ability and the pattern of eye gaze in patients with schizophrenia using a novel theme identification task.Methods: Twenty patients with schizophrenia and 22 healthy controls completed the theme identification task, in which subjects selected which word, out of a set of provided words, best described the theme of a picture. Eye gaze while performing the task was recorded by the eye tracker.Results: Patients exhibited a significantly lower correct rate for theme identification and lesser fixation and saccade counts than controls. The correct rate was significantly correlated with the fixation count in patients, but not in controls.Conclusions: Patients with schizophrenia showed impaired abstract thinking and decreased quality of gaze, which were positively associated with each other. Theme identification and eye gaze appear to be useful as tools for the objective measurement of abstract thinking in patients with schizophrenia.",
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Relationship between abstract thinking and eye gaze pattern in patients with schizophrenia. / Oh, Jooyoung; Chun, Ji Won; Lee, Jung S.; Kim, Jae Jin.

In: Behavioral and Brain Functions, Vol. 10, No. 1, 13, 04.2014.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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