Relationship Between Handgrip Strength and Pulmonary Function in Apparently Healthy Older Women

Da Hye Son, Ji Won Yoo, Mi Ra Cho, Yongjae Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the relationship between handgrip strength and pulmonary function. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study of a representative sample of older Korean women. SETTING: The Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. PARTICIPANTS: Community-dwelling women aged 65 and older without chronic diseases or pulmonary disease (N=605). MEASUREMENTS: Handgrip strength was measured using a digital hand dynamometer, and pulmonary function was tested according to guidelines of the American Thoracic Society/European Respiratory Society using a spirometry system. Impaired pulmonary function was defined as a lower limit of normal (LLN) or less of forced vital capacity (FVC) and forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1). Odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for impaired pulmonary function according to handgrip strength quartile were calculated using multiple logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: Mean FVC and FEV1 gradually increased in accordance with handgrip strength quartiles (all P <.001). After adjusting for age, body mass index, smoking status, alcohol ingestion, aerobic physical activity, resistance exercise, household income, and education level the odds of impaired pulmonary function were greater for participants in the first quartile of handgrip strength (≤19.25 kg) than for those in the fourth quartile (25.31–37.30 kg) (FVC LLN: OR=3.46, 95 % CI=1.52–7.88; FEV1 LLN: OR=2.62, 95 % CI=1.12–6.15). CONCLUSION: Handgrip strength was positively associated with pulmonary function in a dose-dependent manner. Given the health implications of pulmonary function, timely detection of weaker handgrip strength in older people may be useful in assessing potential pulmonary function impairment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1367-1371
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of the American Geriatrics Society
Volume66
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Jul 1

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Lung
Vital Capacity
Forced Expiratory Volume
Odds Ratio
Confidence Intervals
Exercise
Independent Living
Nutrition Surveys
Spirometry
Lung Diseases
Body Mass Index
Chronic Disease
Hand
Cross-Sectional Studies
Eating
Logistic Models
Smoking
Regression Analysis
Alcohols
Guidelines

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

Cite this

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title = "Relationship Between Handgrip Strength and Pulmonary Function in Apparently Healthy Older Women",
abstract = "OBJECTIVES: To investigate the relationship between handgrip strength and pulmonary function. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study of a representative sample of older Korean women. SETTING: The Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. PARTICIPANTS: Community-dwelling women aged 65 and older without chronic diseases or pulmonary disease (N=605). MEASUREMENTS: Handgrip strength was measured using a digital hand dynamometer, and pulmonary function was tested according to guidelines of the American Thoracic Society/European Respiratory Society using a spirometry system. Impaired pulmonary function was defined as a lower limit of normal (LLN) or less of forced vital capacity (FVC) and forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1). Odds ratios (ORs) and 95{\%} confidence intervals (CIs) for impaired pulmonary function according to handgrip strength quartile were calculated using multiple logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: Mean FVC and FEV1 gradually increased in accordance with handgrip strength quartiles (all P <.001). After adjusting for age, body mass index, smoking status, alcohol ingestion, aerobic physical activity, resistance exercise, household income, and education level the odds of impaired pulmonary function were greater for participants in the first quartile of handgrip strength (≤19.25 kg) than for those in the fourth quartile (25.31–37.30 kg) (FVC LLN: OR=3.46, 95 {\%} CI=1.52–7.88; FEV1 LLN: OR=2.62, 95 {\%} CI=1.12–6.15). CONCLUSION: Handgrip strength was positively associated with pulmonary function in a dose-dependent manner. Given the health implications of pulmonary function, timely detection of weaker handgrip strength in older people may be useful in assessing potential pulmonary function impairment.",
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Relationship Between Handgrip Strength and Pulmonary Function in Apparently Healthy Older Women. / Son, Da Hye; Yoo, Ji Won; Cho, Mi Ra; Lee, Yongjae.

In: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, Vol. 66, No. 7, 01.07.2018, p. 1367-1371.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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N2 - OBJECTIVES: To investigate the relationship between handgrip strength and pulmonary function. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study of a representative sample of older Korean women. SETTING: The Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. PARTICIPANTS: Community-dwelling women aged 65 and older without chronic diseases or pulmonary disease (N=605). MEASUREMENTS: Handgrip strength was measured using a digital hand dynamometer, and pulmonary function was tested according to guidelines of the American Thoracic Society/European Respiratory Society using a spirometry system. Impaired pulmonary function was defined as a lower limit of normal (LLN) or less of forced vital capacity (FVC) and forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1). Odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for impaired pulmonary function according to handgrip strength quartile were calculated using multiple logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: Mean FVC and FEV1 gradually increased in accordance with handgrip strength quartiles (all P <.001). After adjusting for age, body mass index, smoking status, alcohol ingestion, aerobic physical activity, resistance exercise, household income, and education level the odds of impaired pulmonary function were greater for participants in the first quartile of handgrip strength (≤19.25 kg) than for those in the fourth quartile (25.31–37.30 kg) (FVC LLN: OR=3.46, 95 % CI=1.52–7.88; FEV1 LLN: OR=2.62, 95 % CI=1.12–6.15). CONCLUSION: Handgrip strength was positively associated with pulmonary function in a dose-dependent manner. Given the health implications of pulmonary function, timely detection of weaker handgrip strength in older people may be useful in assessing potential pulmonary function impairment.

AB - OBJECTIVES: To investigate the relationship between handgrip strength and pulmonary function. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study of a representative sample of older Korean women. SETTING: The Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. PARTICIPANTS: Community-dwelling women aged 65 and older without chronic diseases or pulmonary disease (N=605). MEASUREMENTS: Handgrip strength was measured using a digital hand dynamometer, and pulmonary function was tested according to guidelines of the American Thoracic Society/European Respiratory Society using a spirometry system. Impaired pulmonary function was defined as a lower limit of normal (LLN) or less of forced vital capacity (FVC) and forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1). Odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for impaired pulmonary function according to handgrip strength quartile were calculated using multiple logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: Mean FVC and FEV1 gradually increased in accordance with handgrip strength quartiles (all P <.001). After adjusting for age, body mass index, smoking status, alcohol ingestion, aerobic physical activity, resistance exercise, household income, and education level the odds of impaired pulmonary function were greater for participants in the first quartile of handgrip strength (≤19.25 kg) than for those in the fourth quartile (25.31–37.30 kg) (FVC LLN: OR=3.46, 95 % CI=1.52–7.88; FEV1 LLN: OR=2.62, 95 % CI=1.12–6.15). CONCLUSION: Handgrip strength was positively associated with pulmonary function in a dose-dependent manner. Given the health implications of pulmonary function, timely detection of weaker handgrip strength in older people may be useful in assessing potential pulmonary function impairment.

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