Relationship between self-esteem and self-consciousness in adolescents: An eye-tracking study

Eun Seong Kim, Yeon Ju Hong, Minwoo Kim, Eun Joo Kim, Jae Jin Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective Self-esteem and self-consciousness are important determinants of behaviors. This study aimed to explore the relationship between self-esteem and self-consciousness in adolescents using the eye-tracking measurement. Methods Fifty-five adolescents with high self-esteem and 58 adolescents with low self-esteem participated in self-consciousness-related eye-tracking experiments of selecting happy, disgusted, and angry facial emotions while recognizing one’s own usual expressions and the others’ usual expressions toward oneself. Results When recognizing one’s own, adolescents with high self-esteem showed significantly more selection counts and longer fixation time for ‘happy’ than adolescents with low self-esteem. When recognizing the others, adolescents with low self-esteem showed significantly more selection counts and longer fixation time for ‘disgusted’ and ‘angry’ than adolescents with high self-esteem. Conclusion These suggest higher self-esteem is connected to more positive identification of one’s usual expressions and others’ usual expressions toward oneself. There is a close relationship among low self-esteem, suppressing positive emotions, decreased psychological adjustment, and increased negative emotions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)306-313
Number of pages8
JournalPsychiatry Investigation
Volume16
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Apr

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Consciousness
Self Concept
Emotions

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Biological Psychiatry

Cite this

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title = "Relationship between self-esteem and self-consciousness in adolescents: An eye-tracking study",
abstract = "Objective Self-esteem and self-consciousness are important determinants of behaviors. This study aimed to explore the relationship between self-esteem and self-consciousness in adolescents using the eye-tracking measurement. Methods Fifty-five adolescents with high self-esteem and 58 adolescents with low self-esteem participated in self-consciousness-related eye-tracking experiments of selecting happy, disgusted, and angry facial emotions while recognizing one’s own usual expressions and the others’ usual expressions toward oneself. Results When recognizing one’s own, adolescents with high self-esteem showed significantly more selection counts and longer fixation time for ‘happy’ than adolescents with low self-esteem. When recognizing the others, adolescents with low self-esteem showed significantly more selection counts and longer fixation time for ‘disgusted’ and ‘angry’ than adolescents with high self-esteem. Conclusion These suggest higher self-esteem is connected to more positive identification of one’s usual expressions and others’ usual expressions toward oneself. There is a close relationship among low self-esteem, suppressing positive emotions, decreased psychological adjustment, and increased negative emotions.",
author = "Kim, {Eun Seong} and Hong, {Yeon Ju} and Minwoo Kim and Kim, {Eun Joo} and Kim, {Jae Jin}",
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Relationship between self-esteem and self-consciousness in adolescents : An eye-tracking study. / Kim, Eun Seong; Hong, Yeon Ju; Kim, Minwoo; Kim, Eun Joo; Kim, Jae Jin.

In: Psychiatry Investigation, Vol. 16, No. 4, 04.2019, p. 306-313.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Kim, Eun Seong

AU - Hong, Yeon Ju

AU - Kim, Minwoo

AU - Kim, Eun Joo

AU - Kim, Jae Jin

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N2 - Objective Self-esteem and self-consciousness are important determinants of behaviors. This study aimed to explore the relationship between self-esteem and self-consciousness in adolescents using the eye-tracking measurement. Methods Fifty-five adolescents with high self-esteem and 58 adolescents with low self-esteem participated in self-consciousness-related eye-tracking experiments of selecting happy, disgusted, and angry facial emotions while recognizing one’s own usual expressions and the others’ usual expressions toward oneself. Results When recognizing one’s own, adolescents with high self-esteem showed significantly more selection counts and longer fixation time for ‘happy’ than adolescents with low self-esteem. When recognizing the others, adolescents with low self-esteem showed significantly more selection counts and longer fixation time for ‘disgusted’ and ‘angry’ than adolescents with high self-esteem. Conclusion These suggest higher self-esteem is connected to more positive identification of one’s usual expressions and others’ usual expressions toward oneself. There is a close relationship among low self-esteem, suppressing positive emotions, decreased psychological adjustment, and increased negative emotions.

AB - Objective Self-esteem and self-consciousness are important determinants of behaviors. This study aimed to explore the relationship between self-esteem and self-consciousness in adolescents using the eye-tracking measurement. Methods Fifty-five adolescents with high self-esteem and 58 adolescents with low self-esteem participated in self-consciousness-related eye-tracking experiments of selecting happy, disgusted, and angry facial emotions while recognizing one’s own usual expressions and the others’ usual expressions toward oneself. Results When recognizing one’s own, adolescents with high self-esteem showed significantly more selection counts and longer fixation time for ‘happy’ than adolescents with low self-esteem. When recognizing the others, adolescents with low self-esteem showed significantly more selection counts and longer fixation time for ‘disgusted’ and ‘angry’ than adolescents with high self-esteem. Conclusion These suggest higher self-esteem is connected to more positive identification of one’s usual expressions and others’ usual expressions toward oneself. There is a close relationship among low self-esteem, suppressing positive emotions, decreased psychological adjustment, and increased negative emotions.

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