Background Despite large reductions in door-to-balloon times over the period, several studies from regional and national data showed that annual mortality rates were not decreased among patients who underwent primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). However, these studies mostly focused on door-to-balloon time, and there was no consideration of total ischemic time in a trend of mortality. The aim of this study was to assess the annual trend between time to treatment and 1-month mortality among patients undergoing primary PCI. Methods and results The study population consisted of 8040 patients who underwent primary PCI at hospitals participating in the nationwide prospective Korea Acute Myocardial Infarction Registry (KAMIR) between January 2008 and December 2011. The primary end point of this study was 1-month all-cause mortality, and time to treatment (door-to-balloon time, symptom-to-balloon time). One-month death occurred in 452 patients (5.6%) from 2008 to 2011. Additional reductions in door-to-balloon time were not translated into parallel reductions in mortality rate and total ischemic time. After adjustment using clinical risk, shorter total ischemic time was an independent predictor of 1-month mortality [adjusted odds ratio (OR) 0.78, 95% confidential interval (CI) 0.62–0.99, p = 0.04]. Total ischemic time could be reduced by using emergency medical services. Conclusion Despite improvements in door-to-balloon time, no parallel reductions in mortality rate and total ischemic time were observed. Total ischemic time was associated with mortality. The present study suggests that additional efforts are needed to shorten total ischemic time including patient and pre-hospital systemic delay for better prognosis after primary PCI.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This study was supported by a grant of the Korean Health Technology R&D Project ( HI13C1527 ), sponsored by the Ministry for Health & Welfare, Republic of Korea .
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine