Relative evaluation of acid, alkali, and hydrothermal pretreatment influence on biochemical methane potential of date biomass

K. Chandrasekhar, Ikram Mehrez, Gopalakrishnan Kumar, Sang Hyoun Kim

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17 Citations (Scopus)


Date biomass is a carbon-rich renewable resource that can be considered a potential carbon-rich substrate for energy generation over anaerobic digestion (AD). However, due to its complex nature, appropriate pretreatment is necessary to achieve a higher methane yield. Hence, the current study was envisioned to evaluate the influence of three different pretreatment strategies, namely acid, alkali, and hydrothermal pretreatment on biochemical methane potential (BMP) of seven diverse sorts of Algerian date biomass, namely Pedicels, Fibrilium, Petiole, Fruit bunch, Spath, Palm, and its mixture. Among all the pretreatment conditions, alkaline pretreatment highly influenced the lignin composition of date biomass and showed higher BMP. Among all sorts of biomass, higher BMP was detected through Palm as 295.9 mL CH4/g-TS, whereas the lowest BMP values were recorded with Petiole as 226.74 mL CH4/g-TS. Among all the experimental variations, ammonium pretreated Palm biomass documented the highest substrate conversion efficiency (63.80%), which correlates well with the observed higher BMP values. Nevertheless, there was a very marginal improvement in BMP detected in the case of other pretreatment strategies compared to alkaline pretreatment. This might be due to the efficacy of the applied pretreatment method on delignification of date biomass.

Original languageEnglish
Article number106031
JournalJournal of Environmental Chemical Engineering
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Oct

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by Korea Environment Industry & Technology Institute (KEITI) through Project for developing innovative drinking water and wastewater technologies, funded by Korea Ministry of Environment (MOE) ( ARQ202001174001 ).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 Elsevier Ltd

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemical Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Pollution
  • Process Chemistry and Technology


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