Relative prevalence and antimicrobial susceptibility of clinical isolates of Elizabethkingia species based on 16S rRNA gene sequencing

Mi Soon Han, Hyunsoo Kim, Yangsoon Lee, Myungsook Kim, Nam Su Ku, Jun Yong Choi, Dongeun Yong, Seok Hoon Jeong, Kyungwon Lee, Yunsop Chong

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Some of the previously reported clinical isolates of Elizabethkingia meningoseptica may be later named species of Elizabethkingia. We determined the accuracy of species identification (with two matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-time of flight mass spectrometry [MALDI-TOF MS] systems and the Vitek 2 GN card), relative prevalence of three Elizabethkingia spp. in clinical specimens, and antimicrobial susceptibility of the species identified by 16S rRNA gene sequencing. Specimens for culture were collected from patients in a university hospital in Seoul, South Korea, between 2009 and 2015. All 3 Elizabethkingia spp. were detected in patients; among the 86 isolates identified by 16S rRNA gene sequencing, 17 (19.8%) were E. meningoseptica, 18 (20.9%) were Elizabethkingia miricola, and 51 (59.3%) were Elizabethkingia anophelis. Only the MALDI-TOF Vitek MS system with an amended database correctly identified all of the isolates. The majority (76.7%) of the isolates were from the lower respiratory tract, and 8 (9.3%) were from blood. Over 90% of E. meningoseptica and E. anophelis isolates were susceptible to piperacillin-tazobactam and rifampin. In contrast, all E. miricola isolates were susceptible to fluoroquinolones except ciprofloxacin. Further studies are urgently needed to determine the optimal antimicrobial agents for the treatment of infections due to each individual Elizabethkingia species.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)274-280
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Clinical Microbiology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Jan


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Microbiology (medical)

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