Reliability of microarray analysis for studying periodontitis: low consistency in 2 periodontitis cohort data sets from different platforms and an integrative meta-analysis

Yoon Seon Jeon, Manu Shivakumar, Dokyoon Kim, Chang Sung Kim, Jung Seok Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: The aim of this study was to compare the characteristic expression patterns of advanced periodontitis in 2 cohort data sets analyzed using different microarray platforms, and to identify differentially expressed genes (DEGs) through a meta-analysis of both data sets. Methods: Twenty-two patients for cohort 1 and 40 patients for cohort 2 were recruited with the same inclusion criteria. The 2 cohort groups were analyzed using different platforms: Illumina and Agilent. A meta-analysis was performed to increase reliability by removing statistical differences between platforms. An integrative meta-analysis based on an empirical Bayesian methodology (ComBat) was conducted. DEGs for the integrated data sets were identified using the limma package to adjust for age, sex, and platform and compared with the results for cohorts 1 and 2. Clustering and pathway analyses were also performed. Results: This study detected 557 and 246 DEGs in cohorts 1 and 2, respectively, with 146 and 42 significantly enriched gene ontology (GO) terms. Overlapping between cohorts 1 and 2 was present in 59 DEGs and 18 GO terms. However, only 6 genes from the top 30 enriched DEGs overlapped, and there were no overlapping GO terms in the top 30 enriched pathways. The integrative meta-analysis detected 34 DEGs, of which 10 overlapped in all the integrated data sets of cohorts 1 and 2. Conclusions: The characteristic expression pattern differed between periodontitis and the healthy periodontium, but the consistency between the data sets from different cohorts and metadata was too low to suggest specific biomarkers for identifying periodontitis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)18-29
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Periodontal and Implant Science
Volume51
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Feb

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This study was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Science, ICT & Future Planning (grant No. NRF-2019R1A2C4069942).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021. Korean Academy of Periodontology.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Oral Surgery
  • Periodontics

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