Remaining useful life prognosis for turbofan engine using explainable deep neural networks with dimensionality reduction

Chang Woo Hong, Changmin Lee, Kwangsuk Lee, Min Seung Ko, Dae Eun Kim, Kyeon Hur

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)


This study prognoses the remaining useful life of a turbofan engine using a deep learning model, which is essential for the health management of an engine. The proposed deep learning model affords a significantly improved accuracy by organizing networks with a one-dimensional convolutional neural network, long short-term memory, and bidirectional long short-term memory. In particular, this paper investigates two practical and crucial issues in applying the deep learning model for system prognosis. The first is the requirement of numerous sensors for different components, i.e., the curse of dimensionality. Second, the deep neural network cannot identify the problematic component of the turbofan engine due to its “black box” property. This study thus employs dimensionality reduction and Shapley additive explanation (SHAP) techniques. Dimensionality reduction in the model reduces the complexity and prevents overfitting, while maintaining high accuracy. SHAP analyzes and visualizes the black box to identify the sensors. The experimental results demonstrate the high accuracy and efficiency of the proposed model with dimensionality reduction and show that SHAP enhances the explainability in a conventional deep learning model for system prognosis.

Original languageEnglish
Article number6626
Pages (from-to)1-19
Number of pages19
JournalSensors (Switzerland)
Issue number22
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Nov 2

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Funding: This work was supported by “Human Resources Program in Energy Technology” of the Korea Institute of Energy Technology Evaluation and Planning (KETEP) granted financial resource from the Ministry of Trade, Industry & Energy, Republic of Korea (No.20194030202420). This work has supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant funded by the Korea government (MSIT) (No.2020R1A2B5B01002395).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Information Systems
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Biochemistry
  • Instrumentation
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'Remaining useful life prognosis for turbofan engine using explainable deep neural networks with dimensionality reduction'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this