Removal of kidney stones by extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy is associated with delayed progression of chronic kidney disease

Dong Eun Yoo, Seung Hyeok Han, Hyung Jung Oh, Seung Jun Kim, Dong Ho Shin, Mi Jung Lee, Tae Hyun Yoo, Shin Wook Kang, Kyu Hun Choi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: This study aimed to elucidate whether stone removal by extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) is associated with delayed chronic kidney disease (CKD) progression. Materials and Methods: We conducted a retrospective analysis of 131 nephrolithiasis patients with stage 3 and 4 CKD. We collected baseline clinical and laboratory data, kidney stone characteristics, and history of receiving ESWL. We classified study patients into two groups according to whether they underwent ESWL or not (Non-ESWL group vs. ESWL group). We initially compared annual estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) changes of Non-ESWL group with those of ESWL group before undergoing ESWL. In the next step, we sought to compare annual eGFR changes in the same patients before and after ESWL. Finally, we compared annual eGFR changes between success and failure groups among patients undergoing ESWL. Results: The mean age of the patients was 62 years and 72.5% were male. The mean observation period was 3.2 years. Non-ESWL group and ESWL group before undergoing ESWL showed similar annual eGFR changes (-1.75±6.5 vs. -1.63±7.2 mL/min/1.73 m 2/year, p=0.425). However, eGFR declined slower after undergoing ESWL than before ESWL (annual eGFR changes, -0.29±6.1 vs. -1.63±7.2 mL/min/1.73 m 2/year, p<0.05). In addition, among patients in ESWL group, eGFR declined faster in the failure group than in the success group (annual eGFR change, -1.01±4.7 vs. -0.05±5.2 mL/min/1.73 m 2/year, p<0.05). Conclusion: Our results suggest that stone removal by ESWL is associated with delayed deterioration of renal function in CKD patients with nephrolithiasis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)708-714
Number of pages7
JournalYonsei medical journal
Volume53
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Jul

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine(all)

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