Purpose: To evaluate elasticity and perfusion change associated with fibrosis in a rabbit model of unilateral ureter obstruction using shear wave elastography (SWE) and contrast-enhanced ultrasonography (CEUS). Methods: Complete unilateral ureter obstruction by ligation was performed in the left kidney of 15 rabbits. Renal elasticity on SWE and perfusion change on CEUS at the renal cortex were measured before and after the operation. Histopathological renal fibrosis was quantified by the stained area ratio with Masson trichrome and Picrosirius red using ImageJ analysis. Renal elasticity and perfusion values were compared by the Mann-Whitney U test and Proc Mixed as a function of time. Spearman’s correlation was used to analyze differences between imaging values and fibrosis. Results: The duration of imaging follow-up was up to 49 days, with interval imaging performed 1–3 times. Renal elasticity values were higher in obstructed kidneys compared to contralateral kidneys (31.0 kPa vs 16.4 kPa, p < 0.001) and increased according to postoperative time (0.46 kPa/day). With respect to renal fibrosis, SWE values were positively correlated with Masson trichrome (ρ = 0.651, p < 0.001) and Picrosirius red (ρ = 0.514, p = 0.007). Among CEUS parameters, mean transit time was negatively correlated with renal fibrosis by Masson trichrome (ρ = − 0.639, p = 0.001) and Picrosirius red (ρ = − 0.625, p = 0.001). Rise time and time to peak were positively correlated with renal fibrosis. Conclusion: Obstructive uropathy resulted in changes to both renal elasticity and perfusion. Renal fibrosis was moderately associated with increased renal cortical stiffness and both delayed and decreased cortical perfusion. Key Points: • Obstructive uropathy causes changes in elasticity and perfusion in a rabbit model. • Renal fibrosis from obstructive uropathy increases renal cortical stiffness, and both delay and decrease cortical perfusion.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The authors state that this study was supported by a faculty research grant of Yonsei University College of Medicine (6-2016-0068).
© 2019, European Society of Radiology.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging